Why doesn’t alcohol freeze?

In this brief article we will answer the question,”Why doesn’t alcohol freeze?” We will also look at the temperature different types of alcohol freeze at. We will finally discuss some ways that you can freeze hard liquors.

Why doesn’t alcohol freeze?

Alcohol can actually freeze but just not in the normal household freezer. The reasons that makes it not freeze are it has different components which all have to be frozen and they do so at different temperatures. Alcohol also doesn’t freeze because it has a much lower freezing point as compared to your home freezer or chiller.

What temperature does alcohol freeze at?

Pure alcohol or ethanol, freezing point is at -173 degrees Fahrenheit. However, in a household you won’t be having pure alcohol just the various alcoholic drinks such as beer, wine, vodka etc It should be noted that the lower the proof or wine alcohol content then the higher the Freezing point.

In order to gauge the temperature that your alcohol will freeze at, you require to first know the amount of pure alcohol it contains. Let’s take a look at some of the most common alcohol types and their respective freezing points.


Beer has an Alcohol By Volume (ABV) anywhere between 3 percent to 12 percent. With that ABV, beer tends to freeze at about 28 degrees Fahrenheit. However, it is not advisable to store beer in a freezer as it will ruin the quality of beer and in circumstances can even explode.


Wine has a slightly higher Alcohol By Volume (ABV) than beer and with that it has a lower Freezing Point. Wine does actually freeze at a temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit. To put that in perspective, a standard 750mL bottle of wine can freeze in about 5 hours when placed in the freezer. The larger the bottle size the more time it will take.

40-proof liquor

Low-proof liquors are a bit cold-resistant as compared to wine. These kinds of liquors usually freeze at temperatures of around 22 degrees Fahrenheit and can suffer issues in a freezer. If these liquors are left for long periods of time in the freezer, this can also result in a slushy-like texture and affect the chemical makeup.

Therefore such liquors will have an off taste when they are thawed.

64-proof liquor

Liquors in this category usually freeze at temperatures of about -10 degrees Fahrenheit. Liquors in this category include Fireball and Bacardi Razz and you can actually freeze them without any fear of them getting solid.

You should ensure that you keep an eye on the expiry date because freezing does not prevent oxidation forever.

80-proof liquor

These are the hard liquors and 80 proof alcohol do not freeze until they are subjected to temperatures of -17 degrees Fahrenheit and below. It is because of these liquors that people have a notion that alcohol does not freeze.

They do actually freeze but it’s just that your conventional freezer cannot get to those colder temperatures.

How can you freeze 80 proof liquor such as vodka?

The conventional freezer usually has a set temperature of -18 degrees Celsius. It is therefore not cold enough to freeze 80 proof liquor such as vodka.

However, if you are curious how to freeze vodka you can use some liquid nitrogen to do this. Liquid nitrogen is usually used by bartenders to freeze such kinds of liquors. 

You can also use dry ice to drop the temperature of such hard liquors below -78 degrees Celsius. Another way to do this which is a bit risky to your health and can only be done in very cold regions such as Alaska and Siberia is simply going out with your bottle of hard liquor.

However you should be mindful about your body when in such cold regions.


In this brief article we have answered the question,”Why doesn’t alcohol freeze?” We have also looked at the temperature different types of alcohol freezes at. We have finally discussed some ways that you can freeze hard liquors.




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