Why does heart rate increase after eating?

In this brief guide, we will answer the query, “Why does heart rate increase after eating?” We will also discuss the different causes of heart palpitations. Moreover, we will also describe whether your diet affects the increase in heart rate after eating and how you can prevent it.

Why does heart rate increase after eating?

Heart rate can increase after eating due to many factors like the food you eat, the ingredients used in your food, caffeine consumption, medications, and many more. 

Heart palpitation is the more appropriate word used to describe the increase in heart rate during or after eating. They are actually quite common among people who have allergies or are sensitive to certain food items.

Let us discuss the different factors that trigger heart palpitations:

Food that you eat

  • Foods that are high in carbohydrates can cause blood sugar levels to spike, especially if you already have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).
  • Foods that are high in sodium such as canned or processed foods.
  • Foods that are high in sugar, particularly if you have hypoglycemia
  • Rich or spicy foods may make you feel bloated and make your heart beat more quickly.

Ingredients used in the food you eat

  • Monosodium glutamate (MSG): This flavor enhancer can be found in processed or canned foods and some fast foods. MSG sensitivity can cause heart palpitations in some people.
  • Theobromine is a naturally occurring substance found in cacao plants that is present in chocolate. Theobromine can cause palpitations by speeding up the heart rate.
  • Tyramine is an amino acid that can be found in alcohol, aged cheeses, cured meats, and dried fruit. Tyramine can cause heart palpitations and a rise in blood pressure.

Caffeine 

Caffeine is a common stimulant that can be found in soda, coffee, tea, chocolate, and energy drinks. High caffeine content can cause heart palpitations in coffee lovers. This is not to say that it doesn’t affect you if you consume it in low doses. Certain individuals might be sensitive to caffeine even in low doses.

Previously, manufacturers and suppliers believed that caffeine caused heart palpitations. However, recent research indicates that caffeine may actually benefit the heart when consumed in moderation (up to three cups per day). More than three cups of coffee a day may cause palpitations.

Medications 

Some of the medications for different diseases are said to trigger heart palpitations. Be more careful if you’re using one of these medications:

  • Allergy, asthma, and cold medications
  • Antibiotics
  • Diet tablets
  • Medications for heart disease
  • Drugs for high blood pressure
  • Insulin
  • Thyroid-related drugs

Does your diet affect the increase in heart rate after eating?

Yes, your diet definitely affects the increase in heart rate after eating. There are certain types of foods you consume that may expose you to a greater risk of heart palpitations.

  • Heart palpitations can be brought on by low potassium levels and dehydration.
  • If you have problems with low blood sugar, high carbohydrate foods, processed sugars can make you feel sick to your stomach.
  • Alcohol can also increase your heart rate resulting in heart palpitations. In a 2016 review of studies, researchers discovered a connection between drinking alcohol and atrial fibrillation, which can cause palpitations.
  • Palpitations might be brought on by a food sensitivity or allergy. Consumption of spicy or fatty foods is also one of the most common factors that trigger heart palpitations.
  • Foods high in sodium can also make you feel palpitations. Sodium is a common preservative found in many everyday foods, particularly canned or processed foods.

However, you can make changes in your diet by eradicating all the potential trigger foods to prevent heart palpitations after eating. These changes will slowly help you to avoid heart palpitations altogether:

  • Eating foods high in potassium, such as spinach, potatoes, bananas, and avocados will help to prevent the symptoms of heart palpitations as low potassium is one of the major triggers. You can find a list of potassium-rich foods here.
  • Reducing alcohol consumption is the first healthy habit you can adopt to prevent heart palpitations.
  • Consuming a lot of liquids will help you stay clear of dehydration.
  • Eating frequently can help to prevent low blood sugar which will ultimately prevent heart palpitations.
  • Keep your caffeine intake in check.
  • Lower your sugar and salt intake.

Conclusion 

In this brief guide, we have answered the query, “Why does heart rate increase after eating?” We have also discussed the different causes of heart palpitations. Moreover, we have also described whether your diet affects the increase in heart rate after eating and how you can prevent it.

Citations 

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/22416-heart-palpitations-after-eating

https://www.healthline.com/health/heart-disease/heart-palpitations-after-eating

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