Which statement best explains the relationship between diet and osteoporosis?

In this article, we are going to discuss and answer the question “Which statement best explains the relationship between diet and osteoporosis?”. I will discuss the vitamin and mineral crucial for bone health that is needed to prevent bone loss. I will also include how diets and low BMI increase the risk of osteoporosis. I will also add some alternatives that include calcium which will help reduce the osteoporosis risk.

Which statement best explains the relationship between diet and osteoporosis?

A lack of vitamin D and calcium in the diet would increase the risk of osteoporosis.  Sometimes crash diets would lead to bone loss. Not enough food intake would not provide enough nutrients to produce hormones that balance and maintain bone health.

Fad diets are especially at fault to increase the risk of bone loss (osteoporosis). So many fad diets remove a food group or even more. The case is removed from the dairy food group. Which will reduce the calcium intake immensely. 

Some foods are rich in calcium which could prevent osteoporosis. Usually, it is the richest dairy product like milk, cheese, and yogurt. Some other foods include spinach, kale, soybeans, white beans, okra, salmon, perch, and rainbow trout. In fortified food, nutrients are added to the food, and in this case calcium.

Food that shows on the labels they are fortified with calcium and other nutrients. Some of this food includes breakfast cereal, oatmeal, and orange juice. Usually, these foods have added calcium to them. 

Vitamin D is also crucial for bone health. It is included in for such: beef liver, cheese, egg yolks, fatty fish, tuna, mackerel, and salmon. Vitamin D is also rich in food that is fortified with it. Some of them include dairy products like milk and soy milk. It is also included in breakfast cereals and orange juice that are fortified with Vitamin D.

Usually, to identify if the person falls within the normal range, a weight assessment tool is used. That tool is BMI, known as body mass index.  A BMI of 18.5 or below reveals that the weight is too low for the person. 

The BMI is an indicator of health, says Beth Kitchin, a professor at the University of Alabama-Birmingham. The lower the BMI, the more likely the person has poor bone health and is losing bone density. 

This can be explained as the person not eating enough to reach such a low weight. With a restrictive diet that limits much food, or even reduces the portion size of many foods. This will lead to a decrease in the intake of nutrients, especially calcium and vitamin D. 

No one should consume less than 1200 calories per day. Take at least 1000 milligrams of calcium daily to preserve bone health. In addition to vitamin D from 400-800 IU per day. However, calcium increases by 200 milligrams, while vitamin D is 800 to 1000 Iu per day for people above 50.

Elderly people are at higher risk of developing osteoporosis and bone loss. This will increase the risk of fractures in bones after a fall.

How can I prevent bone loss?

Bone loss can be prevented by consuming food that is rich in calcium, such as the food that was mentioned above. Another way is to take calcium supplements to provide enough calcium required daily. 

For people who are following diets, there are other options to that. This includes dairy food that is fortified and low in fat. They can add to the low fat calcium-fortified milk some cereals that are also fortified with calcium. 

They also can consume dark leafy vegetables that are low in calories and provide calcium. There are also juices that are fortified with calcium that can help prevent bone loss.

It is crucial to protect your bone and your bone health by eating fortified food or taking supplements.

Conclusion

In this article, we discussed and answered the question “Which statement best explains the relationship between diet and osteoporosis?”.  I discussed the vitamin and mineral crucial for bone health that is needed to prevent bone loss. I also included how diets and low BMI increase the risk of osteoporosis. I also added some alternatives that include calcium which will help reduce the osteoporosis risk.

References 

Osteoporosis and Diets (webmd.com)

Calcium and Vitamin D: Top Foods to Prevent Osteoporosis (webmd.com)

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