What’s the difference between echidna and hedgehog? 

In this brief article, we are going to answer the question “what’s the difference between an echidna and a hedgehog?”. We will discuss which traits distinguish the echidna from the hedgehog. In the end, we will understand what echidna and hedgehog have in common. 

What’s the difference between echidna and hedgehog? 

Hedgehogs have little, delicate feet with hardly noticeable nails, whereas echidnas have big feet with strong black nails. 

This is due to the fact that echidnas are notorious for their habit of burrowing, whereas hedgehogs prefer to build nests. 

In addition, echidnas have lengthened snouts that are able to accommodate their lengthy tongues, but hedgehogs have snouts that are formed like cones. There is a huge difference between echidna and hedgehog. 

Echidnas and hedgehogs come from two separate species, which is their main distinction. While the Hedgehog is somewhat bigger in stature than the Echidna, its rounder shape gives it the appearance of being smaller. 

Although they both consume insects, the Hedgehog’s diet is significantly more diverse than the Echidna’s. Both of these animals are carnivores. In general, they are distinct creatures that should be regarded as such and should not be confused with one another.

Which traits distinguish the echidna from the hedgehog?

There are so many characteristics that differentiate echidna from hedgehog. 

Some of them are listed below:

Size and Weight

Echidnas and hedgehogs vary from one another mostly in terms of size and weight. In comparison to echidnas’ 9-15 pounds, the typical weight of a hedgehog is 2 to 5 pounds. 

This indicates that you ought to be able to differentiate between these two different kinds of animals based just on their sizes.

Echidnas may grow to be anywhere from 14 to 20 inches long, whereas hedgehogs typically only grow to be between 4 and 12 inches long. There are also many other differences in how these two animals look.

Location and Habitat

Geographically, echidnas and hedgehogs don’t reside in the same environments. Echidnas, for instance, are endemic to Australia and New Guinea, but hedgehogs inhabit Europe, Asia,  and Africa. This indicates that hedgehogs are found in more locations than echidnas do.

Both of these species have distinct preferences when it comes to their environments. Hedgehogs prefer moist and wet settings such as moorlands and coastal woods, but echidnas thrive in high-altitude forests and hilly places. A significant distinction between hedgehogs and echidnas is that echidnas are seldom seen along the shore.


Despite the fact that each of these animals has its own distinctive spines, there are a lot of other distinctions between them. 

Echidnas are typically one solid color over their whole body, but many hedgehog species are two-toned. Another significant morphological distinction between these two species is their feet.


The life lengths of echidnas and hedgehogs are the last point of comparison to consider. Echidnas have a much longer lifespan than hedgehogs, by a significant margin. 

This is probably because they are bigger and can survive more predators because of their size. But before we get into it, let’s take a closer look at how long their lives are.

The average lifespan of a hedgehog is between 4 and 6 years, while the average lifespan of an echidna is between 15 and 40 years. That is a significant difference, particularly given that hedgehogs outnumber echidnas around the globe. 

Although both of these animals are capable of self-defense, it is obvious that the echidna has a considerably longer lifespan overall.

What do echidna and hedgehog have in common?

Both animals coil up into a ball to protect themselves from predators and both hibernate, making the concept that they’re related quite believable.

The echidna and the hedgehog are two distinct species that have a striking resemblance in appearance but are yet distinguished by a number of key distinctions. It is feasible for the typical person to believe that echidnas and hedgehogs are the same, although they do not.

Hedgehogs and echidnas have just a superficial similarity in appearance. The physical similarity is not due to a common genetic or ancestral origin, but rather the result of convergent evolutionary processes. 

Numerous species of animals living on a variety of continents have independently developed analogous responses to analogous evolutionary pressures.

When it comes to protecting their fragile bodies from predators, hedgehogs and echinoderms have many of the same challenges.

One of the most instantly recognizable aspects of these animals is their ability to grow spines or quills, depending on their species.


In this brief article, we answered the question “what’s the difference between echidna and hedgehog?”. We discussed which traits distinguish the echidna from the hedgehog. In the end, we understood what echidna and hedgehog have in common. 


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