What is the symbol of iron?

In this brief article we will answer the question “What is the symbol of iron?”. We will also discuss the history and characteristics of iron.

What is the symbol of iron?

Iron’s atomic symbol, Fe, comes from its Latin name, ferrum. The Anglo-Saxon word iren is the origin of the English word “iron.”  The word “iron” originates from words meaning “holy metal,” possibly because it was used to create the swords that were employed in the Crusades.

Fe (atomic number 26) is a chemical element that is a malleable, lustrous, silvery white and ductile metal in Group 8 (VIIIB) of the periodic table. It is the most practical and inexpensive metal, and human civilization begins using it long after gold, copper and silver have been discovered.

What is Iron?

Among the transition metals, iron (pronounced EYE-ren) is the hardest and most valuable. The element iron (represented by the chemical symbol Fe) is highly reactive and corrodes quickly in air, developing a reddish layer known as rust when exposed to moisture.

How did iron come to be?

It has been used by humans longer than copper, silver, or gold, and is therefore considered an equal in the race of civilization. Our ancestors first started using it around 4000 BC. Over a long period of time, different countries mastered the art of smelting and refining iron from its various ores.

Around 2000 B.C., the procedure was uncovered in Egypt and Mesopotamia. In the beginning, metal was soft and had to be hammered into shape because it was produced by heating ores with coal in windy locations. The use of a furnace in the production of high-quality metal is a relatively recent development in the industry.

Smelting furnaces have progressed greatly in the modern era. The development of a process to increase steel’s mechanical strength from its base in iron ores was a major technological advance of the nineteenth century.

What are the sources of iron?

After aluminum, iron is the most common metal in the Earth’s crust. Beyond 5%, or 50,000 ppm, it is the fourth most common chemical element in the earth’s crust, after aluminum, silicon and oxygen.

Iron is a rare earth metal that can be found in basaltic rocks in Greenland. The United States contains carbonaceous sediments (Missouri). Fe is present in large quantities on the moon’s surface, as metallic iron makes up about 0.5% of lunar soil.

What are some of the most common applications of iron?

Following are some of the application of iron:

  • Wrought iron, another type of Fe obtained through smelting, is utilized in the production of carpentry implements, lifting hooks, chains, fences, and gates.
  • Iron fillings can be used for a wide variety of purposes, including electromagnetism experiments to test magnet strength, powder metallurgy, art, fireworks, and sandblasting.
  • Some industrial chemical processes, like the Haber process and the Fischer-Tropsch process , benefit from Fe’s role as an effective catalyst.

What are the characteristics of iron?

Iron’s many useful properties extend its applications far beyond the metalworking and recycling industries. The following is by no means an exhaustive list, but it does highlight some of iron’s characteristics:

  • Because of its ferromagnetic properties, iron can be easily separated from non-ferrous materials using magnets.
  • Iron’s hardness is well-known, but its other mechanical properties are less well-known, including its relative softness. Iron is a malleable metal that, when mixed with other elements, becomes quite robust and finds use in many different contexts and industries.
  • Because of its low price, this element is widely used in a variety of important global industries.
  • Because of its high conductivity, this element can be used as a heat and electricity conductor and can also be magnetized with little effort.

What exactly are iron alloys?

Iron, a component of many alloys, is a crucial substance in our daily lives due to its abundance (it can be found almost anywhere). Iron alloys are used frequently in many industries, including:

  • Steel, which is made from a mixture of iron and carbon, is widely employed in a variety of contexts, including building, weaponry, and transportation.
  • Stainless steel, which is produced by adding at least 10.5% chromium, is ideal for use in harsh environments due to its high corrosion resistance.
  • Cast iron is a type of iron that has been refined from pig iron and then alloyed with carbon (3–5%) and silicon (to increase its strength and durability).
  • Together, iron and nickel form an alloy with improved durability against high temperatures and acidic conditions.


In this brief article we have answered the question “ what is iron symbol?”. We have also discussed the history and characteristics of iron.



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