What is a Paleo diet?

In this article, we are going to answer the question “What is a Paleo diet?” and discuss a theory that suggests how dogs were domesticated because of the paleo diet. Also, I will define the Paleo diet, the food to eat on the diet, and the food to avoid.

What is a Paleo diet?

The Paleo diet is an eating plan based on food that humans had in the Paleolithic era which was almost 10000 years ago. The Paleo diet is also called the Stone Age diet, hunter-gatherer diet, and caveman diet.

The diet includes lean meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. The paleo diet focuses on food that used to be hunted and gathered. The Paleo diet states that the body does not agree with the modern diet. 

Ever since farming changed the way people harvest and process crops, the diet emerged. The processing process changed grains and removed a big amount of fiber from them. This change in diet has resulted in obesity, diabetes, and heart diseases that are prevalent today.

People are on a paleo diet to lose weight, maintain their weight, and plan their meals. 

The food allowed on the paleo includes fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, lean meat including animals that are fed on grass or in the wild, oils, nuts, and fish (salmon, mackerel, albacore tuna) that contain omega-3 fatty acids. 

In terms of hydration, tea and coffee are suggested. Water is of course essential to drink on any diet. Tea is rich in antioxidants, especially green tea, and coffee is loaded with antioxidants and health benefits.

There is some food that is avoided on a paleo diet these include: grains (wheat, oats, barley, pasta, rye, bread), potatoes, salt, a sugar that is refined, soft drinks, fruit juices, candies, pastries, icecream,  legumes (beans, peanuts, peas), dairy products, and low-fat dairy options as well like butter and cheese, and processed food.

Artificial sweetener( aspartame, sucralose, cyclamates, saccharin, acesulfame potassium), trans fat such as margarine. Some vegetable oils such as soybean oil, sunflower oil, cottonseed oil, corn oil, grapeseed oil, and safflower oil. These foods generally were not in the past and thus are avoided.

There were some studies that are done to compare the paleo diet to other diets such as the Mediterranean diet and the diabetes diet. The paleo diet included some benefits which include: weight loss, improved glucose tolerance, lower triglycerides, better blood pressure control, and better management of appetite.

There have been some modifications to paleo diets, it was modernized in a way. Grains are not consumed on a paleo diet usually, but gluten-free grains are included. This includes rice for example. 

Did dog domestication begin because of the Paleo diet?

It is likely that dog domestication happened because Paleo humans could not stomach the original paleo diet. There is a theory that states the origin of dog domestication. When hunters used to hunt food, their omnivorous digestive system could not handle high protein consumption. 

The scrapes and excess meat that humans had, they used to throw it to wolves and maybe dogs. The complex theory of how originally dogs were domesticated is being studied. Yet there is a theory that explains it. 

Humans can not have a strictly protein-based diet without other nutrients like fruits and vegetables. During harsh winters especially, it was hypothesized that humans might have shared their meat with wolves when both of them needed meat. It linked that this meat sharing with wolves might have been the first step to dog domestication. 

It may have started with wolves until it reached the domesticated dogs, some date back to early dogs living in cold areas. Feeding meat to wolves for some time suggests a development in some kind of relationship with humans that has led to the belief that was the origin of the domestication of the dogs.

Offering meat to wolves has led to the taming of the wolves by humans. These wolves became less hostile when meat was offered to them by humans. Gradually it was suggested that this theory makes sense in an ecologically and geographical manner.

 There was a discovery of an early dog called Paleolithic dog, where the word Paleo was derived from. This has been said to be the origin of how dogs became domesticated by humans.


In this article, we discussed a theory that suggests how dogs were domesticated because of the paleo diet. Also, I defined the Paleo diet, the food to eat on the diet, and the food to avoid.


Dog Domestication May Have Begun because Paleo Humans Couldn’t Stomach the Original Paleo Diet – Scientific American

Dog Domestication May Have Begun Because Paleo Humans Couldn’t Stomach the Original Paleo Diet – Slashdot


Paleo diet: What is it and why is it so popular? – Mayo Clinic

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