In this brief guide, we will address the query, “What is a bonsai tree?”. We will also discuss whether the bonsai plant is an excellent indoor plant or not. Moreover, we will also talk about how to make and maintain bonsai at home.
What is a bonsai tree?
Bonsai are naturally dwarfed matured ornamental plants and trees grown in a container. The literature definition of bonsai is “tree in a pot”.
Bonsai trees are maintained typically below 4 feet performing various horticultural activities such as pruning, pinching buds, wiring, and restricting the growth of plants. Perennial woody-stemmed trees or shrub species that produce true branches are best for the bonsai.
Bonsai culture firstly originated in China but later Japanese redeveloped this culture of manipulating plants and trees which got famous around the globe. Bonsai are classified based on the size of plants or trees which are 10 in number. Mostly bonsai are tropical and temperate trees.
Is bonsai an excellent indoor plant?
No, bonsai are not excellent indoor plants. Most individuals have a misconception that bonsai are indoor plants but in reality, they are outdoor plants that should be exposed in all four seasons for their full growth as normal ones.
However, among the bonsai trees temperate and sub-temperate bonsai can survive inside and can be placed indoors whereas other tropical and sub-tropical should be must place outside for proper growth and development.
Ficus Bonsai, Dwar jade, Fukien tea, Hawaiian umbrella, and sweet plum are some of the common and best indoor bonsai plants. Tropical and sub-tropical trees are easy to care for and tolerate low humidity and grow properly under low sunlight also due to which they are the perfect choice for indoor bonsai trees.
However, all kinds of bonsai can be placed indoors but they should be maintained and provided special care such as
- Proper lighting
- Watering and fertilizer
- Maintaining proper temperature and humidity
How to make Bonsai at home?
One of the best ways to make bonsai at home is to adopt a premature bonsai tree at home and maintain it afterward. Whereas if you want to make a bonsai tree at home you have to take consider lots of things. The following steps should be considered before making bonsai at home :
Choose your perfect bonsai plant
Perennial woody-stemmed trees or shrub species that produce true branches should be selected from the nursery at a young age. And similarly, the bonsai plants should be selected based on your interest in making them indoor or outdoor.
Planting the bonsai plant in a pot
The bonsai plant should be placed in a pot after a proper removal of dead branches and improper branches and heavy roots. Planting should be done in a pot because it makes plants easier to train, prune, and various other aftercare activities in the future.
Provided shape as you like
Wrapping of branches with soft wire should be done to achieve proper shape as needed. The wire can be removed after the branch holds desired shape.
Training and pruning
Timely and regular training and pruning of dead and unwanted branches, and roots should be done.
If you are trying to prepare bonsai at home various aftercare activities such as watering, fertilizing, soil quantity, and quality maintenance, temperature, and humidity maintenance should be done on regular basis.
How to maintain bonsai at home?
If you are growing bonsai at home there are various things to be done to maintain its proper health and wellness condition. Some of the basic essential techniques to maintain bonsai at home are:
Placement of bonsai
Before placing bonsai one should know whether it is indoor or outdoor bonsai. You should keep your bonsai in an area with plenty of sunlight for about 4-6 hours each day, less direct heat, and less humidity.
Watering is one of the most crucial parts of taking care of your bonsai. Watering frequency depends upon the size of the pot, sunlight, temperature, and humidity. As soon as the soil starts to appear slightly dry you should water your bonsai plant but not too much.
Fertilization and food
Fertilization is another important thing you should take care of. Because of the small pot and less soil they required regular fertilization to encourage growth. Generally, monthly fertilization is recommended by experts.
Bonsai are dwarfed matured trees or plants so they should be regularly trimmed to maintain proper shape and size. Pruning of unwanted branches and pinching off leaves and buds should be performed to maintain the shape and growth of bonsai. For more details, click the link here.
Your bonsai is planted in small pots with less soil so to inhabit the growth of roots repotting is a key factor. During repotting careful removal of excessive roots should be done and you should also replace the soil with fresh soil in a pot.
In this brief guide, we have addressed the query, “What is a bonsai tree?”. We also discussed whether the bonsai plant is an excellent indoor plant or not. Moreover, we have also talked about how to make bonsai and maintain bonsai at home.