What do tigers eat?

In this brief article, we will answer the question, “What do tigers eat?” and provide information on what Siberian tigers consume, what other tigers consume, what tigers eat in the wild, what tigers consume in captivity, and how tigers hunt.

Information on whether they eat humans is given too as well as when tigers hunt.

What do tigers eat?

Tigers eat deer, pigs, antelopes, and water buffalos. Bengal tigers have a varied diet. This would include sambar, gaur, barasingha, chital, sarow, wild boar, hares, and porcupines. Rabbits, gray langurs, takin, cattle, and even elephants. 

Though consumption of elephants is quite rare as elephants are huge and travel in groups. They might instead target baby elephants. If the baby elephants stray away from their group, they are more likely to be in danger of being hunted.

Tigers can attack humans too if there is food scarcity. If tigers venture into human settlements, they can attack humans though they are more likely to attack pets or stray animals like stray dogs or stray cats.

What do Siberian tigers consume?

Siberian tigers would consume Siberian musk deer and Siberian roe deer. Apart from this, it can also consume Manchurian wapiti, sika deer, long-tailed goral, black or brown bears, rabbits, pika, and fish like salmon.

What do the other tigers consume?

  • The South China tiger would consume hares, peafowl, deer, and wild boar. Other animals consumed by the South China tiger would include langurs, porcupines, muntjac, livestock, and serow.
  • The Indochinese tiger consumes baby elephants, langurs, gaur, boar, porcupines, muntjacs, and pangolins.
  • Malayan tigers would consume serow, wild boar, barking deer, livestock, elephant, and rhino babies.
  • Sumatran tigers would consume porcupines, mouse deer, banded pigs, macaque, sambar deer, and pheasants.

What do tigers consume in the enclosures?

Tigers in the enclosure need to be given a balanced diet. The meat that can be given to tigers would include beef, chicken, rabbits, eggs, pigs, water buffalo, camel, kangaroos, and donkeys. 

The bones of the animals are not separated from their carcass. This is because tigers eat them with bones in the wild. A vitamin or mineral supplement can be rubbed on the bones of the animals. The tiger would lick them before feeding on the animal.

The problem with keeping the tigers in enclosures would be that the tiger can become either undernourished (less feeding or not enough vitamins or minerals) or overnourished (obese because of less physical activity or excess food being fed).

How would tigers hunt?

Tigers can hunt by stalking their prey. There have been reports of them hunting during the night though daytime hunting is also common. When it senses an opportunity, the cats would come out of their hiding and then attack the prey.

Tigers can hide in long grasses. Their dark striped patterns resemble long grass and can also help them to hide in the long grass too.

A tiger can jump on the throat of the animal or bite them to injure or kill the prey. Tigers can also chase their prey for up to 40 miles an hour.

For ease of hunting, tigers can particularly target babies of animals or juveniles. Old and injured animals might also be targeted. 

Tigers can also jump onto the prey and latch onto the head or throat of the animal, thus crushing them. They can also break the back of the animal too. Tigers can go for many days without food too.

There can be a difference between the hunting of male and female tigers. Female tigers would hunt in their territory while male tigers hunt both inside and outside their territories.

A characteristic feature of tigers is that it hunts alone and rarely in groups. Tiger mothers can involve their cubs in the hunting process to train them in hunting.

When do tigers hunt?

Tigers usually hunt whenever they are hungry. Some tigers hunt during the night as it is easier to hide and camouflage themselves. A tiger’s night vision is very strong which can help them hunt effectively after dawn. There are tigers that hunt during the day too. 

Do tigers eat humans?

There have been reports of tigers eating humans. There have been incidences of tigers attacking humans that fall into their enclosures. Apart from this, tigers can venture into cities or villages in search of food. Habitat loss can also prompt the tiger to look for food elsewhere.

Conclusion 

In this brief article, we have answered the question, “What do tigers eat?” and provided information on what Siberian tigers consume, what other tigers consume, what tigers eat in the wild, what tigers consume in captivity, and how tigers hunt.

Information on whether they eat humans is given too as well as when tigers hunt.

Reference

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