What do puffer fish eat

In this brief guide, we will address the query, “what do puffer fish eat?” We will also discuss what is the diet of puffer fish and some other interesting FAQs about this animal.

What do puffer fish eat?

Puffer fish are natural predators that usually eat snails, shellfish, crustaceans, and some other fish, this is when kept in the wild. In captivity, puffer fish can eat almost anything, but it is recommended to provide them with a variety of seafood.

This funny looking fish is characterized by a bloated look that is also provided with some sticky ends coming out of their body. Just by their looks, I am sure you are willing to know more about this peculiar species.

In the last few years, this fish has gained a lot of popularity as a pet, many people already have some of them in their aquariums. 

Let’s start with the most basic aspect, their diet. In the wild, their diet is mainly composed by

  • Crustaceans.
  • Snails.
  • Algae.
  • Shrimp.

However, if you have recently purchased one of this fish, it is recommended to feed them with commercial food with protein supplements, like

  • Small shrimp.
  • Snails.
  • Algae pellets.
  • Small crabs.
  • Young crayfish.

Where can you find Pufferfish?

Pufferfish are one of the most recognizable species in the ocean, they are characterized by the spikes coming out of their skin and their ability to inflate their bodies. They can be found mainly in the ocean, and some others can live in freshwater habitats. 

Many people have decided to give Pufferfish a chance and have decided to place the, in their aquariums, especially the pygmy Puffer Fish. which has a charming and cute appearance.

But do not get their looks fool you, they are provided with four teeth on the top and bottom of their mouth. A puffer fish bite is really strong and sturdy, keep in mind that they tend to eat crustaceans with hard shells. 

What are the types of Pufferfish that exist?

Pufferfish have become popular pets all over the world, their cute and unique look is the reason for this phenomenon. Also, there are so many different colors and patterns that I am sure you will also love to have them as pets!

There are different types of Pufferfish, they all are very different from each other. You can get freshwater or saltwater puffer fish, check the chart below to identify some of the main species for each group.

Types of Pufferfish
Freshwater speciesSaltwater species

Congo Pufferfish.
MBU Pufferfish.
Red-Eyed Pufferfish.
Dwarf Pea Puffer Fish.
Fahaka Pufferfish.
Figure Eight Pufferfish.

Blue-Spotted Pufferfish.
Valentin’s Sharpnose Pufferfish.
Golden Pufferfish.
Northern Pufferfish.
Blackspotted Puffer Fish.
Porcupine Pufferfish.

What type of Pufferfish can be a pet?

Unfortunately, it is not recommended to have Pufferfish as a pet. First of all, these type of fish are not meant to live in small-enclosures, so they might be unhappy, and develop conditions that can threaten their lives.

This type of fish can not be captive-bred, which means they need to be caught in the wild. and Changing their lives so drastically can only lead to a sad life, yes also animals can be unhappy. 

People do not fully understand how large a Pufferfish can get, which causes them to grow in reduced spaces that can attempt against their integrity. 

Now, if you really want to get a Pufferfish as a pet, you need to choose one that can be captive-bred, or adopt one from a breeder, or even rescue one example. Do not forget about researching what are the ideal conditions to maintain this type of fish.

Are Puffer Fish dangerous for humans?

The reason why Pufferfish are not recommended to be consumed or kept as a pet is because they produce harmful toxins for the human body, which are tetrodotoxin and saxitoxin, which can even be lethal. You can get further guidance here.

Tetrodotoxin and saxitoxin have been proven to cause serious health consequences which can end in death. This is due to their action on the central nervous system, some of the symptoms are

  • Tingling of lips and mouth.
  • Dizziness.
  • Tingling in the extremities.
  • Vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Paralysis.

So, if you find a place that offers this type of fish in their menu, I do not recommend it, because the newish sensation can have serious consequences that can lead you to death.

It is really important that people who sell Pufferfish in their establishments attend to a rigorous procedure to clean and prepare this fish. Avoid consuming the following parts of their bodies

  • Liver.
  • Overies.
  • Testicles.
  • Intestines.
  • Skin.

All of these parts can contain high levels of the toxins previously mentioned. Tell us, what is your favorite type of fish. Read more about this species here.


In this brief guide, we have addressed the query, “what do puffer fish eat?” We have also discussed what is the diet of pufferfish and some other interesting FAQs about this specie.

Hope you found this blog useful. If you have any questions, please let us know.





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