What do eskimos eat?    

In this brief article, we are going to answer the question, “What do eskimos eat?”

What do eskimos eat?

Below is the list of what eskimos eat.

The Caribou and Reindeer

These creatures, which can be seen in herds ranging in the thousands, are highly sought after for both their meat and their luxurious fur. Their natural resistance to the cold arctic climate means that their skins make excellent protective gear. 

There isn’t a lot of fat on the animal, but the sinews in its legs are so strong that it serves as all the thread it needs.

Seals and walrus

They both yield extremely dark red meat that is not the most appetizing, but the animal as a whole has a lot of fat, which is a precious resource in this setting. It is generally more efficient to hunt down bigger grazing animals or fish, although occasionally a seal is hunted only for its fat. 

After the whale, the seal and also the walrus are the most prolific producers of fat, and it is usual practice in Eskimo cooking to add chunks of fat to any meal in order to boost the calorie content.


Since a single bow-head whale can provide enough food for an entire year’s worth of meals and enough oil to keep a village’s lights on for nearly as long, it’s no surprise that it’s the most frequently caught whale. 

Only select groups go to the trouble and expense of hunting such massive beasts, but once they bring home a few of these enormous monsters, they no longer have to worry about finding food for months.


Jigging is the most common technique for fishing via holes in the ice, and it entails using a plastic fish as bait and slowly drifting it up or down in the water to lure in a predator. The bitten creature is dragged onto the ice and killed as soon as possible. 

There are no hazardous or particularly harmful fish that dwell in sub-zero waters, therefore whatever caught is typically eaten, albeit the kinds of fish differ depending on where fishing is taking place.


Fruits and vegetables have never made up a significant portion of an Eskimo’s diet due to the fact that they cannot be cultivated there and the few plant species that do are scarce and eaten in limited quantities. 

The only naturally occurring vegetables are roots from various arctic plants and seaweed, and the only naturally occurring fruit is crow-berries, that originate from a berry growing form of heather.

Buffoonish ox

It is more common to cull a managed herd of this huge polar cow than to hunt it in the wild. As a result of intense odor production during the mating season, the males earned their moniker. 

Both the meat and the fat they produce are of exceptionally high quality, but their skins are far too heavy and bulky to be used for clothing. The skins are processed into various leather products, including as wallets and handbags.

Parrots and eggs

Any item on the menu is fair game because no non-edible bird species exists above the Arctic Circle. Hunted for their eggs rather than their meat, birds provide so little protein that it’s hardly even worth the effort to go hunting for them, with the exception of the goose.

In addition to it, there are other foods

Regular foods from milder areas are purchased in bulk during the summer, when the ice cover is thinner and ships can carry them, thanks to advances in transportation and the availability of long-distance ordering. 

In general, the Eskimo diet is nearly completely dependent on meat, which contributes to a lower life expectancy compared to those living in warmer climes; nonetheless, even when given the option to relocate to a more hospitable region, the inhabitants of the polar circle refuse to leave their home. 

The communities there are unique in their emphasis on mutual aid and sharing; you won’t find that anywhere else in the world. When the villagers return from a hunt, they divide up the spoils evenly so that nobody goes hungry.

Igunaq, a dish inspired by this way of life, is just one example. Steaks are made in the summer, buried underground for the rest of the season and into fall, and left to ferment in the soil before being frozen for consumption in the following winter. 

The steaks are buried in the ground and eaten the following spring, which may sound dangerous but is actually a highly prized delicacy in Eskimo villages.


In this brief article, we answered the question, “What do eskimos eat?”


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