What are the rarest spices in the world?

In this brief guide, we will answer the query, “What are the rarest spices in the world?”. We will also discuss these spices in detail.

What are the rarest spices in the world?

Some of these rare spices are as follows:


Saffron comes from the crocus flower and each stigma has to be handpicked to obtain the saffron. Its expensive price and difficulty in harvesting make it one of the rarest and most expensive spices in the world. Since each flower only has three red stigmas, 170,000 blossoms are required to produce one pound of saffron.

Its unusual flavors and scent are extraordinary. It pairs nicely with a wide variety of dishes, and even when it isn’t the main ingredient, its flavor, and distinct aroma lift the flavors of other ingredients to something ethereal.

Grains of paradise

They are also known as Melegueta pepper or Guinea grains since they originally come from the Melegueta tree that grows in West Africa. 

This spice is similar to black peppercorns in flavor and fragrance, but it is more potent. It tastes earthy and warm, with a hint of citrus, cardamom, nutmeg, and ginger. It also adds a lot of heat to your recipes with a bitter aftertaste in your mouth.


It is also commonly known as hing or heeng in some Asian countries. It is a dark brown, resin-like substance that is derived from the root of a ferula herb that resembles a giant fennel plant. The substance is then processed into a coarsely-textured yellow powder, which is used as asafetida spice.

Asafoetida is typically used in lentil curries like dal, as well as other vegetable dishes when combined with other staple species. It can also be used to neutralize sour, sweet, salty, or spicy dishes. 


It is an unusual and versatile spice that originated from the Mediterranean region, Turkey, and some parts of Iran. This spice is made from the dried berries of the Rhus coriaria plant, which you may know as Sicilian Sumac. 

The berries are red wine in color which are then dried and grounded to form the spice. The spices have mild tangy flavors and are mostly used as a dressing, marinade, and spice rub.

Urfa Biber

It is made from a very rare variety of chili pepper grown in the Urfa region of Southern Turkey. It has a very unusual flavor profile with a smokey raisin-like flavor combined with some hot, salty, and sweet flavors. 

It is not as hot and spicy as many other chili peppers, but the flavor lasts a long time on your tongue. It is mostly a popular ingredient in Turkish dishes.


This is another rare and exotic spice grown in the southern states of Kerala and Karnataka in India. It is more commonly known as Malabar tamarind which is its English name. The reason why it is so rare is that farming at the commercial level is yet to reach new heights.

The seeds are harvested from the ripe fruits and sun-dried for about a week. After then, it is smoked for several days. You should then rub the seeds with coconut oil and salt. This will keep them from turning black and also helps in preservation. This spice particularly pairs very well in fish dishes as it helps to fade away the rawness of fish.

Ghost pepper

This spice falls under the category of extremely rare spices in the world as they are only grown in the northeastern part of India, in the states of Assam, Manipur, and Nagaland. It is most commonly called by its local names Bhut Jolokia or Naga Jolokia. It is one of the hottest peppers in the world, it is so hot that most people won’t be able to bear the spice.

The reason ghost peppers are so rare is that their production and usage are restricted only in North-east India. Most people outside India wouldn’t even know the existence of the spice.

For more information on some of the hottest peppers in the world, please click the link here.


In this brief guide, we have answered the query, “What are the rarest spices in the world?”. We have also discussed these spices in detail.


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