In this brief guide, we’ll address the search query: “What are seedless mangoes?” Also, we’ll explore how seedless mangoes were developed, what countries produce and export the most mango, what the nutritional content of mangoes is, and what are the health benefits of eating mango.
What are seedless mangoes?
Seedless mangoes are a variety of mango fruits that, unlike most others, have a barely noticeable stone in the middle. This variety, dubbed Sindhu, is a product of a cross between two different varieties of mango.
It may appeal to some consumers, as it means that pound per pound, they will receive more fruity flesh and weight than mango stones. However, Sindhu mangoes have yet to be commercialized the way other mango varieties are.
While this may imply that our readers will have something of a waiting period before they can indulge in seedless mango, testing is essential to determine how the variety of mango performs in various environments and what it’s expected to yield.
How were seedless mangoes developed?
Seedless mangoes were developed in a research program at the Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth University, in 1992.
While many may attribute this fruit as a product of research carried out at the Bihar Agricultural University, BAU planted this variety in 2011. As of 2014, the trees resulting from this trial have begun to bear fruit.
Specifically, they’re a hybrid made from crossing two varieties, one named Rhatna, and another named Alphonso. A common misconception surrounding Sindhu mangoes is that they’re seedless.
This is not the case, as the Stones in Sindhu mangoes are merely reduced to less than 10% of the total weight of mango fruit.
Its production does have some implications, namely, it requires propagating (asexual means to generate more plants) and grafting onto rootstocks.
Nowadays, readers can procure Sindhu mango propagules in the form of grafts, bud chips, and other forms, though if these germplasm materials are of import quality, fees for customs and inspections may apply.
We encourage our readers to import mango germplasm sustainably and to always purchase their grafts and other propagules from reputable suppliers. Reputable suppliers maintain quality stock and guarantee that it carries no diseases or pests.
What countries produce and export the most mangoes?
As of 2020, the top 5 producers of mango fruits are (in this order) India, Indonesia, China, Mexico, and Pakistan.
The countries that export the most mango are Thailand, Mexico, The Netherlands, Peru, and Brazil.
What is the nutritional content of mangoes?
The exact nutritional content of mango will depend on the variety and its size. For reference, a 336-gram portion of (stoneless) mango, will provide:
- 202 calories –of which 11 are sourced from fat
- 2.8 grams of protein
- 1.3 grams of fat (2% of the RDI) – of which 0.3 grams are saturated (2% of the RDI), 0.2 grams are polyunsaturated fat, and 0.5 grams are monounsaturated fat.
- 50 grams of carbohydrates (17% of the RDI) – of which 5.4 grams are dietary fiber (22% of the RDI), and 46 grams of sugars
- 3.4 milligrams of sodium
- 564 milligrams of potassium – (16% of the RDI)
Additionally, the same portion of mango will provide 73% of the recommended daily intake of vitamin A, 204% of the RDI of vitamin C, 2.8% of calcium, and 3% of iron.
*Recommended daily intake values are calculated on the basis of a 2000 calories per day diet.
What are the health benefits of eating mangoes?
Eating mangoes can provide many health benefits. Among them; they are a good source of vitamin C, vitamin A, antioxidants, and potassium.
Ascorbic acid, also known as vitamin C, is essential for healthy immune function, collagen synthesis, and by extension for joint health and speedy recovery from injuries and surgeries.
Vitamin A is essential for ocular health and has antioxidant activity. Antioxidants can help protect your cells from oxidative damage, which is associated with a plethora of diseases and disorders.
Other antioxidants present in mango include anthocyanins, kaempferol, mangiferin, and more.
Antioxidants can help protect against the early onset of cancers, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, and cognitive disorders, to name but a few.
Potassium is essential for heart health, and it helps us maintain healthy blood pressure levels, in addition to stimulating healthy muscle contractions and nerve function.
The fiber in mangos can also help promote digestive function and overall gut health.
Additionally, mangoes score a low glycemic index of 55. This means that they can be consumed by diabetic patients (in moderation) and help them regulate their blood sugar levels, as they won’t trigger surges.
To summarize, mangos are not only delicious, but nutritious, and they can easily be incorporated into a balanced diet, and combined with a healthy, active lifestyle.
In this brief guide, we’ve addressed the search query: “What are seedless mangoes?” Also, we’ve explored how seedless mangoes were developed, what countries produce and export the most mango, what the nutritional content of mangoes is, and what are the health benefits of eating mango.