How strong is a great white shark’s bite force?

In this brief guide, we’ll address the search query: “How strong is a great white shark’s bite force?” Also, we’ll describe what kind of fish great white sharks are, what their diet is, where they’re distributed, and what their role in the environment is. 

How strong is a great white shark’s bite force? 

On average, a great white shark is capable of biting with a strength of up to 4000 pounds per square inch (psi). 

However, the strength of a shark’s bite will depend on its size, growth stage, and the intent behind the bite. 

Naturally, smaller-sized sharks are less strong than those of larger dimensions, as their muscle mass is directly correlated to their size. 

Older, more mature sharks are more skilled hunters, and as a result, they’ve honed the strength in their jaws to grapple and maim their prey. 

Lastly, sharks may often bite as a means to explore their surroundings. Unlike humans, who explore their surroundings by touching and gripping objects, sharks use their teeth to bite into foreign bodies and explore consistencies and materials. 

In many instances, they may accidentally ingest some of these foreign bodies, which has earned them a reputation for occasionally eating junk. 

Great white sharks are the largest fish of a predatory nature, though despite their fearsome reputation they’re often at the center of many misunderstandings. 

What kind of fish are great white sharks? 

Great white sharks are Lamnids. This means that they belong to a family of fish known as Lamnidae, and curiously, they are one of five species that are extant (not extinct) members of this family. 

As Lamnids, great white sharks have five gills on each side, sharp, large-sized teeth, stream-lined bodies that are narrow at the ends and thickened in the middle, they have two dorsal (on their back) fins, and one fin near their anus. 

Female great white sharks bear live young, and all great white sharks are quick swimmers, as well as notorious predators. 

As sharks, they are cartilaginous fish, which means that they have no bones, and their pectoral fins are attached but not fused to the back of their heads. 

What is a great white shark’s diet? 

Great white sharks are carnivores, and their diet is often made up of fish, seals, sea lions, dolphins, other sharks, porpoises, and on occasion, small whales. 

The exact diet of a great white shark will in fact depend on the waters it swims, as it will determine the presence of prey. 

Occasionally, some researchers have found that sharks will eat odd objects, though this is often by accident and a consequence of their curiosity. Marine biologists may find random items such as shoes, fishing nets, plastic bottles, containers, toys, etc, all of which are scavenged from the waters they swim in. 

Where are great white sharks distributed? 

Great white sharks can be found all over the world, in temperate and subtropical waters. Their ideal temperatures range between 10°C to 26°C. 

Great white sharks can also be located, on a basis of their age, as younger sharks don’t venture far from warmer coastal waters, whereas older, mature sharks swim in open waters and feed near coasts where larger prey such as seals and sea lions make land. 

Popular locations where great white sharks can be spotted include South Africa, the Gibraltar strait, Hawaii, The gulf of Mexico, and the Eastern sea coast of the United States, California, Alaska, Australia, etc. 

What is their role in the environment? 

Great white sharks have important roles in the environment. While most often, they’re regarded as Apex predators (predators that are prey to no one), they have been known to occasionally be preyed upon by Orcas (killer whales). 

However, this phenomenon is sporadic, and the whales don’t feast on the entirety of the shark–they limit themselves to consuming its liver, which is a prime source of fat and by extension, calories. 

As predators, great white sharks cull populations and help maintain their prey within environmental thresholds, while at the same time assuring that only the fittest survive. 

Great white sharks are also an important matter of study for marine biologists and ichthyologists, who study their populations, their impact on the environment, and their behavior. 


In this brief guide, we’ve addressed the search query: “How strong is a great white shark’s bite force?” Also, we’ve described what kind of fish great white sharks are, what their diet is, where they’re distributed, and what their role in the environment is.