How does pineapple grow?

In this brief article, we will answer the question, “How does pineapple grow?” and provide information on the time required to grow pineapples, how to plant them, whether you can fertilize them, diseases that can affect pineapple plants, how to harvest as well as store them.

How does pineapple grow?

Pineapples grow on top of a pineapple plant’s stem. Multiple flowers can fuse to form a single pineapple. The Crown of pineapple can have many short leaves. Pineapples cannot be cultivated from their seeds. 

The crown of the pineapples contains small roots. These small roots can be planted in the ground. This will help in growing a pineapple plant.

How long does it take to grow a pineapple?

It can take almost 2 years to grow a pineapple. If there are reduced nutrients in the soil, less sunlight, or an unfavorable environment, pineapples can take a longer time to grow. Once there is the formation of flowers in pineapple plants, you can get fresh pineapples within 6 months.

Pineapples can grow multiple times a year. As a result, you can obtain fruits in succession once the plant grows.

How to plant pineapples?

Pineapple roots can be planted on steep slopes. If you have a large plot of land, double rowing can be done to plant pineapples. You can keep each plant around 10-12 inches apart in a row. Make sure to not plant them opposite to each other but in the form of a row.

You can mulch these plants with bagasse. This would help in reducing the growth of weeds around the plants. 

Pineapple plants can be planted through mechanical planting as well. Semi-mechanical planters can help in digging soils to plant pineapples. There are many sophisticated machines that can apply pre-mixed fertilizer with mulch and then plant the pineapples.

Pineapples thrive in acidic soil and warm environments. They also require soil with good drainage facilities. You can grow pineapples in small pots or tubs. They do not require much water.

How can you fertilize pineapple plants?

You can fertilize plants using nitrogen. Mixing nitrogen with potassium can help in fertilizing pineapple plants. The addition of magnesium can improve the weight of pineapple plants. The yield and fruit size can be increased by mixing iron with magnesium. 

If you wish to control weeds, coir dust can be added. Apart from this, using paper or plastic mulch can prevent the growth of weeds.

What are some diseases that can affect pineapple plants?

Pineapple plants can suffer from top rot and root rot. This can be most commonly observed during winter and autumn. Using paper or plastic mulch can prevent this issue.

Apart from this, zinc deficiency can affect pineapple plants too. The leaves of plants can become twisted and curled. Sometimes, there can be gray, yellow, or brown spots on the leaves. Copper deficiency can cause leaves to become waxier.

How can you harvest pineapples?

Check whether the pineapple has a golden yellow color. If the pineapple has a dark green color, it would not be unripe. If the pineapples are present under the sun, they can become brown in color.

Brown pineapples are fermented and not suitable for consumption. It is important to notice the position of pineapples. Young pineapples stand erect whereas ripe ones can fall over the young pineapples. 

The harvested fruits should not get wet or moist. If the pineapple is wet, it should be dried and then kept inside the basket.

How to store pineapples?

Pineapples can be kept at temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit. At 80 to 90 percent humidity accompanied by proper air circulation, the pineapple is likely to ripen. 

You can dip the fruit in a wax emulsion containing fungicide. This can improve the shelf-life of pineapples. At commercial levels, irradiation is done to improve the shelf-life of pineapples.

What are some uses of pineapples?

You can cut pineapples into slices and then serve them. A mandolin can be used to cut pineapples into thin slices. It can be a great addition to salads as well.

Pineapple cake is a famous delicacy. Apart from this, pineapple jams or thinly sliced pineapples are other options. Pineapples can be added to compotes, desserts, salads, pies, or puddings.

It can be added to various curries and meat-based dishes too. Pineapples can be added to sauces or preserves too. Apart from this, it can be added to burritos and pizzas too. Nectar, concentrate, juice, and marmalade can be prepared using pineapples.

Conclusion

In this brief article, we have answered the question, “How does pineapple grow?” and provided information on the time required to grow pineapples, how to plant them, whether you can fertilize them, diseases that can affect pineapple plants, how to harvest as well as store them.

Reference

https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/pineapple.html

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