DO BEARS EAT BERRIES?

This brief article will answer the questions: do bears eat berries, what other foods do bears eat, what are bears, what are berries, what is the nutrient composition of berries, what are the uses of berries, and what are the benefits of eating berries? 

Do bears eat berries?

Bears are omnivores and they feed on plant material such as berries. They feed on wild berries as they are easily accessible and highly nutritious. Bears are large and require lots of food for upkeep and they store some for the winter. 

What other foods do bears eat?

Bears feed on:

  • Fish. They are excellent swimmers and they catch fish on river banks. Fish is a good source of proteins. They feed on trout and herrings. 
  • Berries. These are the fruits of wild plants that are formed from the ovary of the flowers. They are nutritious and are very rich in vitamins and antioxidants. 
  • Insects. These are small flying animals from the family Insecta. They are the most important species in the world. 
  • Grasses. The grass is an excellent source of fiber and cellulose. Fiber helps in digestion and also serves in providing energy. It is the most abundant in bear habitats. 
  • Honey. Bears love honey. Honey is a sweet substance that is formed by bees. It is rich in sugar. Bears climb to hives and steal honey. They have thick skin covered in fur that fends off any attack from the bees. 
  • Birds and eggs. They provide a good source of proteins. 
  • Deer. Bears, especially the grizzly bear, are fast runners and are good hunters. They are able to hunt and prey on bears. 
  • Moose. Moose are large herbivores that resemble deer and have really strong bodies. They are aggressive when invaded. Males graze alone or in a herd. 

What are bears?

These are carnivorous and omnivorous animals of the family Ursidae. They resemble dogs in phylogenetic forms. There are 8 species of bears. They are mainly found in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere. They have a large body, with stocky legs, long snouts, small rounded ears, and shaggy fur. 

They may be diurnal or nocturnal. They are excellent runners, and swimmers and have a good sense of smell. During winter they go into hibernation and may come to people’s houses after winter searching for food. 

What are berries?

These are small pulpy edible fruits. They are well rounded, brightly colored, sweet, sour, or tart and contain many seeds inside. Some of the common berries include strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, red currants, and black currants. 

They are often referred to as soft fruits. They are formed from the ovary of the flowers. Some of the berries are poisonous to humans for example nightshade and pokeweed. They are highly nutritious and rich in phytochemicals. 

What are the uses of berries?

They are a good source of food. They are low-calorie snacks. They are also used in culinary duties such as cooking and desserts. They are also used in making juices, jams, jellies, colorants, and decorations. 

What is the nutrient composition of berries?

Berries are highly nutritious. They have a low glycaemic index due to the low number of calories they have. They have 69kcal calories. The table below shows the various nutrients and their concentrations. 

Nutrient Concentration 
Fats 0.16g
Carbohydrates 18.1g
Proteins 0.72g
Vitamins 0.02g
Minerals 0.03g
Water 81g 

Berries are rich in antioxidants which help the body in breaking down free radicals in cells. Some of these antioxidants include niacin, riboflavin, and pantothenic acid. They also contain thiamine and folate which help in the synthesis of genetic material. 

Berries contain proteins that are used in body repair and aid in growth by the provision of amino acids. They are also rich in carbohydrates and fats that serve as the source of energy for body cells. 

Fats also provide ketones that serve as nutrition for the brain cells. Berries also contain small amounts of dietary fiber that help in digestion. They do so by improving bowel movements and they reduce the chances of suffering from constipation. 

They are rich in minerals such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, and zinc. These elements are essential and they play different roles in the body. Sodium and potassium serve as electrolytes and they help in the balancing of osmotic pressure. 

Magnesium serves as an enzyme co-factor and also aids in regulating blood clotting factors. Phosphorus aids the body in the absorption of calcium. Calcium aids in bone development and increases bone density. 

What are the benefits of eating berries?

  • They help in the boosting of immune responses due to the presence of vitamin C. 
  • It aids in the prevention of autoimmune diseases in bears such as cancer. This is because they are rich in antioxidants that get rid of free radicals in the cells. 
  • They help in lowering blood pressure. Most berry seeds contain blood thinning components that help in the thinning of blood thus easing the blood pressure.
  • They promote cognitive health. This is through the presence of antioxidants such as resveratrol. 
  • They improve bone development and bone density. Berries contain calcium and other elements such as vitamin K that aid in bone development. 

Conclusion. 

This brief article has answered the questions: do bears eat berries, what other foods do bears eat, what are bears, what are berries, what is the nutrient composition of berries, what are the uses of berries, and what are the benefits of eating berries? 

Citations. 

https://explore.ucalgary.ca/where-and-when-grizzly-bear-food

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bear

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berry

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