Do baboons eat meat?

In this short article, we will answer the question “Do baboons eat meat?”, show you what else this specie eat, and share with you some facts about baboons eating habits.

Do baboons eat meat?

Yes, baboons eat meat.

What do baboons eat?

They enjoy meat, but they also eat fruits, herbs, seeds, bark, and roots. They eat even the young of larger mammals like antelope and sheep. They also devour birds and rodents. 

They can also eat vervet monkeys, tiny antelopes, hares, fish, molluscs, insects, and birds. Baboons are opportunistic eaters who enjoy eating crops, and they often cause damage to crops and farmers in Africa. 

They are known to hunt sheep and goats in South Africa and have been known to invade human residences.

It is incorrect to state that baboons are carnivorous animals because they are omnivores. 

However, despite being omnivorous, it is nonetheless possible for these creatures to consume animal flesh.

What is an omnivore?

Omnivorous creatures, like baboons, have more varied eating patterns since they can digest a variety of food types. They are creatures that can consume both meat and vegetation, like herbivores and carnivores. 

The Latin word omnivore, which means to devour or consume everything, is the source of the English word omnivore. Similar to carnivores and herbivores, omnivores are a diverse collection of creatures that are predominately found in the phylum Chordates

When compared to other types of animals with more restricted dietary habits, omnivores have an advantage. This benefit results from the increased variety and accessibility of food in the natural world.

This facilitates greater adaptation and increases the chances of survival for these species, which can live in both environments with a predominance of plant foods and environments with a predominance of potential prey.

Why do baboons eat the way they do?

Their diet changes depending on the season, the area they live in, the person’s age, and their sex. 

For instance, females and newborn babies consume grass, whereas more developed babies eat lizards, insects, and tree bark. Fruits, seeds, bulbs, rhizomes, the thick bases of stems, and invertebrates make up the majority of their diet.

They are incredibly resourceful and won’t eat rotten meat, but they will consume practically anything, and even go hunting.

Baboons snare small mammals and birds on the sly, including rabbits, Egyptian geese, and young antelope lambs. The most dominant guys are typically the ones who hunt and consume meat.

Baboons have strong, opposable thumbs, and agile hands. While foraging and eating, these are utilized to manipulate different food ingredients. This can be done by peeling fruit or by throwing rocks to look for scorpions, bugs, or slugs. A digging aid is the nailing of fingers. 

They can slowly dig to uncover a succulent bulb that is up to 30 cm below the hard soil or they can carefully pick up bits of grass that they shake rid of loose dirt before eating.

The cheek pouches in a baboon’s mouth can store as much food as the stomach. Baboons can load their mouths full of food in clever places because of this insurance mechanism.

Should they have to leave the area due to danger, they can securely climb a tree or another safe location to eat their food before doing so.

Complaints about baboons’ dietary habits:

It is well known that baboons interact with numerous different herbivores. Baboons are advantageous to Impala because they respond to each other’s warning calls. 

The Impala gathers leftover fruit or buds that baboons beat or knock-off trees, just like the kudu, bushbuck (an antelope), and civet do.

One of the rare animals that can dig for water is the baboon. In this way, they serve an ecological purpose by allowing other species, like antelope, to access wells in river beds and drainage systems, especially during the dry seasons of the year. 

The elephant is another species that does this. Baboons must regularly consume water because they are so reliant on it. The presence of elephants and buffalo in a region does not frighten baboons. 

These huge herbivores take over areas, creating new habitats and food sources for the smaller primates. Baboons also rummage through elephant excrement in search of tasty bits of fruit or seeds that have gone through the elephant’s intestines undigested.


In this short article, we answered the question “Do baboons eat meat?”, showed you what else this specie eat, and shared with you some facts about baboons eating habits.


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