Can you eat wild boar?

In this article we are going to answer can you eat wild boar, what is wild boar, is it healthy to eat wild boar, what are the risks of eating wild boar, and how to cook wild boar meat. 

Can you eat wild boar?

Yes, you can eat wild boar. Wild boar meat is very similar to pig meat. Wild boar meat is considered a very high protein meat with an excellent source of monounsaturated fat and zinc. 

The most important nutritional value of wild boar meat is that it is very low in sodium and contains much less fat and cholesterol than pork meat. 

Always double check hygiene of how wild boar meat has been handled and cooked properly. 

What is wild boar?

Wild boar is usually known as a wild pig or wild swim. There are huge quantities of wild boar all over the world that have been considered the least concern by the IUCN red list. It has even been considered an invasive species.

Wild boar have 16 sub-species recognized and are considered the ancestor of domestic pigs. Sub-species are divided into 4 regional groups which as

  • Western 
  • Central European Boar or Scrofa 
  • Mediterranean Boar or Meriondalis
  • North African Boar or Algeria
  • Carpathian Boar or Attila
  • Anatolian Boar or Lybicus
  • Middle Asian Boar or Nigripes
  • Maremman Boar or Majori
  • Indian
  • Central Asian Boar or Davidi
  • Indian Boar or Cistaturs
  • Eastern
  • Trans- Baikal Boar or Sibiricus
  • Ussuri Boar or Ussuricus
  • Japanese Boar or Leucomystax
  • Ryuku Boar or Riukiuanus
  • Formosan Boar or Taivanus
  • Northern Chinese Boar or Moupinensis
  • Indonesian
  • Branded pig or Vittatus

Wild boar are omnivores and usually feed themselves with: 

  • Roots, tubers, bulbs, and rhizomes. 
  • Nuts, berries, and seeds
  • Leaves, bark, twigs, and shoots. 
  • Earthworms, insects, mollusks, fish, rodents, insectivores, bird eggs, lizards, snakes, frogs, and carrion. 

Is it healthy to eat wild boar?

Yes, wild boar meat is very healthy to eat. It is considered a very nutritious, lean, and low in cholesterol meat. Compared to domestic pork meat, wild boar meat is even more nutritious and tasty. 

113 grams of wild boar meat include 140 calories, 4 grams of fat, 1 gram of saturated fat, 180 mg of sodium, 0 grams of carbohydrate, 24 grams of protein, and 20 mg of calcium.  

100 grams of cooked ground pork contains 297 calories, 26 grams of protein, 0 grams of carbohydrates, and 21 grams of fat. 

If compared, wild boar meat contains more protein, less fat, and much fewer calories than ground pork meat. 

What are the risks of eating wild boar?

The main risk of eating wild boar is the risk of parasite contamination to humans. The meat of wild boars is known to host 20 types of parasites or more. Some of the most common parasites found on wild boar meat include

  • Gastrodiscoides
  • Trichinella spiralis
  • Taenia solium
  • Balantidium coli
  • Toxoplasma gondii

Wild boar can also be contaminated with blood-sucking flies and can also pass bacterial infections to humans such as E.coli, rabies, salmonellosis, and brucellosis. According to the USDA, wild boar meat should be fully cooked between 145 to 165 F to kill all bacteria. 

How to cook wild boar meat?

Meat from wild boar has a low content of fat so when cooking, you need to be careful or it can lose a lot of flavors and become harder to eat. Some cooking methods for wild boar meat include

  • Traditional barbecue: this method includes slow cooking boar meat and a low temperature. It should be cooked for about 12 hours or up to 18 hours if the whole boar is cooked at a temperature of 225 F. 
  • Roasting: When roasting wild boar the correct temperature should be at 145 F or up to 225 F. 
  • Hot and fast: wild boar meat tastes delicious when grilled. Just make sure to cook it up to 145 F and to eat it fully cooked. 
  • Braising and stewing: It will leave a meat similar texture to roasting or barbecuing. 

Follow this link for some recipes on how to cook wild boar meat. 

Conclusion

This article answered can you eat wild boar, what is wild boar, is it healthy to eat wild boar, what are the risks of eating wild boar, and how to cook wild boar meat. 

Citation

https://fromfieldtotable.com/blog/are-wild-hogs-safe-to-eat/

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