Can rabbits eat watermelon?

In this brief guide, we will address the query: “Can rabbits eat watermelon?” Also, we’ll explore what a rabbit’s diet is, some important caretaking measures rabbit owners should know, and what are signs of malnutrition in rabbits. 

Can rabbits eat watermelon? 

Yes, rabbits can eat watermelon. It is a sugary fruit that they can reap calories from, and it poses no risk to their health if eaten sporadically. 

Both watermelon flesh and rinds are safe for rabbits to eat, though due to the number of calories present in the flesh, it should not be made into a staple of your rabbit’s diet. 

It can be fed to rabbits who live in outdoor enclosures when the weather is chilly or cold, as this will help them stay warm and keep them from consuming their energy stores. 

However, due to its high water and sugar content, watermelon should only be given to them as a special morsel, and they should have a balanced diet with the necessary protein, fat, and carbohydrates. 

Below, we’ll explore what a rabbit’s diet consists of, both in the wild and in captivity. 

What is in a rabbit’s diet? 

In the wild, rabbits will feed on leafy greens such as wildflowers, clovers, flowers, seeds, grasses, and uncultivated plants (weeds). 

During wintering months, rabbits do not hibernate, and in snowy climates, they must remain active and continue to forage for food. During these months, their diet may consist of woodier stems, buds, bark, and cecotropes. 

The latter alludes to feces that are digested in a pouch, located at the start of the large intestine. Once excreted, they can be re-ingested for a “second round” of digestion and nutrient absorption.

Rabbits kept in captivity can maintain a steady diet year-round, that may consist of pellets formulated with grains, leafy greens, and added fat. Also, they can eat a wide assortment of greens and vegetables such as alfalfa, lettuce, carrots, hay, grass, and some types of fruits. 

Fruits that may be toxic for rabbits include apples, peaches, plums, and other fruits with stones at the center. While the fruit itself isn’t toxic, the stones may contain trace amounts of cyanide, which can be noxious to small animals such as rabbits. 

Some of these fruits may not contain cyanide concentrations lethal for rabbits, but at the risk of the opposite being the case, rabbit owners should avoid feeding them altogether. 

What are some caretaking measures I should know if I own a rabbit? 

Rabbits can be kept for farming and as pets. However, each type has different needs (for obvious reasons). 

In either case, they will require an easy-to-clean enclosure. These may be cages elevated over waste trays or cages lined with wood shavings, that can easily be scooped out, rinsed, and replenished. 

Rabbits require a balanced diet to avoid malnourishment and other disorders, such as being overweight or underweight. Also, they may require vaccination and parasite cleansing, especially those who are housed with other rabbits in farm cages. 

As they’re rodents and must forcibly gnaw to control the growth of their teeth, users may have to place a hardwood plank in their enclosure for them to chew, or schedule veterinary dental treatment for their teeth to be filed down. 

Any lesions such as cuts, scrapes, bites, or other injuries can lead to sepsis, and they should be cleaned with antiseptic solutions, as indicated by your veterinarian. 

Rabbits with severe signs of infections should be taken to a veterinarian who will perform the necessary debriding of the injury, dress the wound, and prescribe treatment for the management of symptoms. 

For obvious reasons, ungelded males should be housed separately from females, and breeding activities should always be controlled, and carefully monitored, to facilitate the establishment of caretaking measures for newborn kits. 

Studs should also not be housed in shared cages, as their competitive tendencies may result in them fighting and injuring one another. 

What are some signs of malnutrition in rabbits? 

Depending on the type of malnutrition, rabbits can present various symptoms and have many disorders. 

In the case of overweight rabbits, these specimens may be lethargic (low-energy), inactive due to their body mass, ungroomed (due to their lack of limberness), and have urine and feces built up around them, due to their inability to move. 

Overweight rabbits also have a risk of being diabetic. Symptoms may include unnormal thirst, hunger, lethargy, glassy eyes, and a rapid loss of weight that cannot be attributed to dietary or lifestyle changes. 

Symptoms of being underweight, on the other hand, include low-body mass, an emaciated appearance, lethargy, abnormal digestive activity, and an inability to eat or shift towards the feed and water bowl. 

Both conditions should be treated by a veterinarian, who may indicate dietary changes, or administer medication to cleanse the rabbit of parasites and infections. 

Alternatively, they can perform analyses and explorations to determine that the cause isn’t an external factor such as a blockage or a dental problem. 

We advise our readers to always keep a keen eye on their pets and livestock, take careful note of any changes in their behavior, and consult any doubts with a licensed veterinarian. 


In this brief guide, we have addressed the query: “Can rabbits eat watermelon?” Also, we have explored what a rabbit’s diet is, some important caretaking measures rabbit owners should know, and what are signs of malnutrition in rabbits. 


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