Can rabbits eat lettuce?

In this article we are going to answer can rabbits eat lettuce, what rabbits are, what is lettuce, what happens if a rabbit eats lettuce, whether is lettuce healthy for rabbits, and what rabbits should not eat, and what rabbits can eat. 

Can rabbits eat lettuce?

Yes, rabbits can eat lettuce but they should eat it in very small amounts. Lettuce has almost no nutritional value so it can fill your rabbit with just fiber and no nutrients. Lettuce should never be the base of a rabbit’s diet. 

Romaine lettuce and lamb’s lettuce are often safe for rabbits. The darker the lettuce, the healthier it will be for rabbits to eat. Iceberg lettuce should never be eaten by rabbits because it has a high amount of lactucarium which can be toxic to rabbits. 

Safe lettuces should never be eaten by rabbits more than twice a week to prevent any side effects. 

What are rabbits?

Rabbits or also known as bunnies or bunny rabbits are small fluffy mammals with short tails that are closely related to rodents but are not the same. There are about 29 species all around the world. 

According to the Journal of Applied Animal Research, the largest rabbit breed in the world is the Flemish Giant. Also, the largest rabbit is the Flemish Giant bunny. Some small breeds of rabbits include

  • Britannia petite
  • Netherlands dwarf
  • Dwarf Hotot
  • Himalayan

Domestic rabbits need a regulated environment because they can not protect themselves from hot or cold weather. Also, the domestic rabbit is considered near the threatened range. 

What is lettuce?

Lettuce is a grown leaf vegetable that is commonly used for salads, soups, sandwiches, and wraps. Lettuce is normally eaten raw but it can also be grilled. Also, it has gained some religious and medical benefits. 

Lettuce grows very easily and is cultivated annually. It is rich in vitamin k and vitamin A. It also has a moderate amount of folate and iron. 

All lettuce is part of one of the four varieties

  • Head lettuce
  • Leaf lettuce
  • Romaine Lettuce
  • Celtuce lettuce

Lettuce can cause food poisoning if not washed correctly because it is very common that it can get contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or even parasites. E Coli and salmonella are commonly found in lettuce. 

Is lettuce healthy for rabbits?

Lettuce can be very harmful to rabbits in high amounts but in small amounts, it can have some benefits because of the vitamins that are found in lettuce. 

One cup of chopped romaine lettuce contains 8 calories, 1 gram of protein, 2 grams of carbohydrates, 1 gram of fiber, and 1 gram of sugar.

Romaine lettuce can contain 82% of the DV of vitamin A base in a 2,000 calorie diet and some amounts of vitamin C, iron, and calcium. Iceberg lettuce contains only 7% of the DV of vitamin A  base in a 2,00 calorie diet and very small amounts of vitamin C and iron. 

It can be healthy for rabbits but it is always better to choose leafy greens and other vegetables with more nutrients. 

What happens if a rabbit eats lettuce?

If rabbits eat lettuce in high amounts there is a white fluid that is known as lactucarium. This white fluid is known as rabbit opium because if rabbits consume it, they can experience a sense of euphoria and they can doze off. 

Even if it is a natural substance, it is very harmful to rabbits because they have a very sensitive digestive tract. Also, this substance known as lactucarium can cause diarrhea and it can be fatal for rabbits because they can dehydrate very fast. 

What rabbits should not eat?

The most common food that should never be fed to rabbits includes:

  • Avocados
  • Chocolate
  • Fruit seeds or pits
  • Raw onions, leeks, or garlic
  • Meat, eggs, dairy
  • Broad beans and kidney beans
  • Rhubarb
  • Iceberg lettuce
  • Mushrooms
  • House plants
  • Processed foods such as bread, pasta, cookies, crackers, chips, or anything processed. 
  • Raw potatoes 

What rabbits can eat?

Rabbits have a balanced diet based on hay, fresh veggies, fruit, and a few pellets. Rabbits

have a very sensitive digestive system so any new food that is going to be introduced should be given gradually and give time to the bunny to adjust.

The main food for rabbits is hay. Once they eat hay, they can eat other leafy green vegetables and fruit. Some other vegetables rabbits can eat include

  • Broccoli
  • Carrots 
  • Collard greens
  • Dandelion greens
  • Mustard greens
  • Parsley


This article answered can rabbits eat lettuce, what are rabbits, what is lettuce, is lettuce healthy for rabbits, what happens if a bunny eats lettuce, what rabbits should not eat, and what rabbits can eat. 



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