Can diabetics eat mushrooms?

In this article, we are going to answer whether can diabetics eat mushrooms, what are diabetics, what are mushrooms, is healthy to eat mushrooms, what are the benefits of eating mushrooms, and what vegetables should be avoided by diabetics. 

Can diabetics eat mushrooms?

Yes, diabetics can eat mushrooms. Mushrooms are low in glycemic index and have a lot of benefits for diabetics. Mushrooms have been known to help manage blood glucose levels apart from being low in calories and full of nutrients, vitamins, and minerals. 

What are diabetics?

A ​diabetic is a person that has diabetes. When blood glucose or blood sugar levels are too high, diabetes develops. Our body gets its energy primarily from blood sugar, which is obtained from meals, particularly carbohydrates.

The pancreas produces the hormone insulin, which aids in the transport of glucose or sugar into your cells for use as an energy source. When you have diabetes, your insulin levels are either insufficient or your insulin function is insufficient, preventing glucose from entering your cells and staying in your circulation leading to high glucose levels in the blood. 

Health issues that can be deadly can result from high blood glucose levels. The best approach to control glucose levels for diabetes is through nutrition and weight management.

There are 3 types of diabetes: 

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Gestational Diabetes

What are mushrooms?

Mushrooms or also known as toadstools are the fruiting body of a fungus. Mushroom normally refers to white button mushrooms or also known as Agaricus bisporus or to other fungi associated with Ascomycota. 

They are widely used in a lot of recipes, especially in Chinese, Koren, Japanese and European cultures. Almost all mushrooms that can be bought at the supermarket or your local stores are grown on mushroom farms and are from the family Agaricus bisporus. 

Species that are part of the Agaricus bisporus family include white mushroom, crimini, and portobello. Other species that can also be available at the supermarket include shiitake, maitake, and enoki. The major producer of mushrooms is China followed by Poland. 

Collecting mushrooms is hard because some of them can be poisonous and cause anaphylactic shock. Even edible mushrooms contain a small number of chemicals that can cause allergic reactions but when cooked, this chemical is destroyed. 

There are other species of mushrooms, some can be toxic and others have psychoactive properties. 

Is it healthy to eat mushrooms?

Yes, mushrooms are considered a very healthy vegetable to add to your diet. Some examples of mushrooms that can be added to your diet are white mushrooms, shiitake, portobello, or oyster mushrooms. 

70 grams of raw mushroom can provide 15 calories, 2 grams of carbohydrates, 1 gram of sugar, 2 grams of protein, 0 grams of fat, 22% of the daily value of riboflavin, and 16% of the daily value of niacin based on a 2,000 calorie diet. 

They are also considered low in glycemic index meaning that when they are eaten, they do not increase or affect blood sugar. They have a glycemic index of 10-15 and a glycemic load of 1 per cup. Meaning they are low in both, glycemic index and glycemic load.

What are the benefits of eating mushrooms?

Diabetics can benefit from eating mushrooms. They have been studied a lot because there is a link between mushrooms and glucose control. Some benefits of eating mushrooms when having diabetes include

  • Mushrooms can protect against gestational diabetes
  • They can protect against decreased mental function and dementia
  • They have anti-diabetic properties which help to manage glucose
  • They improve insulin resistance and reduce pancreatic tissue damage
  • They lower cholesterol levels in the blood

What vegetables should be avoided by diabetics?

Diabetics should eat a diet high in green vegetables with low carbohydrate content and avoid starchy vegetables. Some vegetables to avoid include

  • Potatoes
  • Corn
  • Peas
  • Butternut squash
  • Vegetable juice
  • Cooked carrots
  • Beets

If you need more information on what to eat with diabetes follow this link. 


This article answered whether can diabetics eat mushrooms, what are diabetics, what are mushrooms, is it healthy to eat mushrooms, what are the benefits of eating mushrooms, and what vegetables should be avoided by diabetics. 


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